Saturday, November 15, 2008

Climate Project India

Photo - By blogrodent


The Climate Project India is dedicated to creating the pubic awareness about the Climate Change, through presentations by the trained volunteers. It aims to educate the fellow citizens and the government to take action against the ever increasing global warming. The Organization will work out and provide the potential solution, to preserve the climate balance on which we and our planet depends.

The Climate Project (TCP) is a global organization that has come up to support Al Gore's efforts for raising alarm about the climate change. Al Gore has been honored with the “Nobel Peace Prize” for promoting the most important aspect – the climate change. His movie 'An Inconvenient Truth' has won two academy awards. Established as the non-profit-organization TCP, takes initiative to bring education, community information and research programs to the communities all over the country. TCP has carried out the special training programme at 'Indian Habitat Center' to select the 100 people from India to give presentations in order to set up the TCP India Chapter.

In the intense session, Mr Gore said “India is the world's future”, as it is at the early stages of its economic development and there is real opportunity to influence its path of growth towards the climate sustainable outcome. Some of the international organizations like TERI, CSE and CEE are already conducting research and formulating practical solutions in this field.

No doubt, Climate change solutions requires efforts from all sectors of the society. The Climate Project India is growing as the result of commitment and dedication of the volunteers to educate and promote dialogue about the ways to handle climate change crises. TCP is working out to spread its message by first of all targeting and educating the broad base of the Indian society that includes school, universities and top notch industry employers. The trainees will remain linked through the constantly updated website, which will provide the comprehensive support system. TCP India will provide the practical ways to lower the individual emissions.

Aparana Chauhan

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Friday, June 20, 2008

Hybrid cars - the next big thing in the automotive world

Now is the time when the government should actually get into discussion with the world's top class car producers to promote the local production of the hybrid cars. Hybrid Cars have made the great strides in the past few years. And with the ongoing hike in the fuel prices the demand of the hybrid cars is growing faster than is originally expected. Hybrid cars are the ones that run on the electric motor and the gasoline. The benefits will not only be seen through the reduced consumption of hydrocarbons but also through the reduction in the automobile vehicles. If you want to save the planet earth and want to make the environment pollution free than think about purchasing the hybrid cars. Although the hybrid cars are bit expensive but think about the long term benefits that you will gain. Hybrid Cars available in the market include Honda, Ford, Toyota, GMC and Chevrolet.

Hybrid cars are mainly classified into two types – Parallel and Series Hybrid. The parallel hybrid has a electric engine that is powered by the batteries and has a petrol engine that loads the fuel tank. The main benefit of the parallel hybrid is that electric engine can turn the transmission and look after the initial acceleration, without the requirement of the petrol engine. On the other hand series hybrid uses the petrol engine to power a generator. The generator in turn charge the batteries. In series hybrid the petrol engine never turns the transmission directly.

Benefits of the hybrid cars are many. Hybrid cars makes the the air pollution free by transmitting less emissions like carbon-di-oxide and other poisonous gases into the air. They saves the fuel and reduces oil dependency. Hybrids have good resale potential. If you are planning to sell your car than hybrid's can be financially advantageous. Driving a hybrid car saves gas. It savers as much as 30 miles a gallon.

They provide better mileage. Hybrid cars are smaller in size and are fuel efficient. The gasoline engine get shut down automatically and restarts when the car shifts into gear. Whereas, the car continues to run but on the electric motor. They are more easy to operate than the other conventional vehicles. The battery of these cars have high capacity made of nickel metal hydride. Its tires are made up of special rubber that reduces friction. They are more reliable and comfortable as compared to the other cars.

Components of Hybrid Cars :
Electric Motor : The electric motor is powered by the batteries that recharge automatically while driving. The advance electronic technology allows it to react both as the motor com generator. The motor derives energy from the batteries to run the car and act as a generator and recharge batteries when it slows down. The hybrid cars also owns the petrol engine that is smaller is size as compared to the other engines which transmits less pollution.

Batteries : The batteries in the hybrid car act as the energy storage device for the electric motors. The electric motor draws as well as restores energy into the batteries.

Regenerative Braking : The electric motor that accelerates the car also slow the car.

Design : Hybrid cars are attractive, efficient and comfortable too. It has advanced aerodynamics to reduce the drag. It is made up of lightweight materials that increases the efficiency of the car.

Aparana Chauhan

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Thursday, June 19, 2008

US to push G-8 industrialized nations to combat Climate Change

President Bush committed the United states to deal with the adverse impact of the climate change that will help in reducing the green house gases. He is planning to push the G-8 counties including the India and China for the new climate change combat regime. He made the special appeal to the G-8 nations to to work in close association with the US and other European nations to cut down the percentage of green house gas emissions into the atmosphere.

US is basically looking towards working in the framework in which the countries like India and China could be included. Still the subject of dispute is the ways of means of adopting green technology particularly by mining and thermal power without compromising on the economic growth. Reduction of the greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere will definitely lead to the eco development.

The Kyoto Protocol colligated to the United States Framework Convention on climate change sets biding targets for 37 industrialized nations and European community for the reduction of the greenhouse gas emissions. And US has not ratified the Protocol.

There is the urgent requirement to harness technologies to deal with the coal fires. China has to stop somewhere as they are building coal plants at the very rapid speed. The bone of contention is that no country wants to wants to co-operate at the expanse of the growth of their economies. On the one hand every country talks about the comprehensive mitigation strategy for the reduction of the carbon emissions, on the other hand every country is in the race to be industrial prosperous and to be placed in the first position. Inspite of so many efforts including the Kyoto Protocol, still there is no legal binding to reduce the carbon emissions.

Aparana Chauhan

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Tuesday, June 17, 2008

Global Warming Tip of the Day

More going green tips from iVillage!

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Monday, June 16, 2008

Take a Good neighbor pledge to help reduce Global Warming

Replace 5 frequently used incandescent lightbulbs with compact fluorescent lightbulbs (CFLs)

Keep shades closed in the summer and open in the winter

Purchase an Energy Star appliance (refrigerator, washer, dryer, stove, dishwasher)

Use air-dry setting on your dishwasher

Plant a tree native to your area

Install a low-flow showerhead

Cut your shower time by 5 minutes

Run your dishwasher and washing machine only when full

Fix leaking or dripping faucets or toilets

Set your thermostat 2 degrees lower in the winter and 2 degrees higher in the summer

Run your dishwasher and washing machine only when full

Reduce your hot water heater temperature by 10 degrees

Turn off your PC and monitor when not in use

Unplug electronic devices or put them on a power strip and turn it off when not in use

Purchase a more energy-efficient vehicle (+5 MPG over your current vehicle)

Combine errands and drive 10 fewer miles per week

Keep your car well-maintained

Keep your car off the road one day a week by tele-working, carpooling, riding a bike, or taking public transportation

Install automatic timers on outdoor lights

Drive the speed limit

Turn off lights when you're not using them

Keep your tires properly inflated

Upgrade your insulation

Wrap your water heater in an insulated blanket (if it is older than 1989 and it's not a gas water heater)

Replace your old hot water heater

Get a home energy audit and implement it

Recycle aluminum cans, glass bottles, plastic, paper, and newspaper

Purchase recycled household paper products

Bring your own reusable bags to the grocery store

Drink filtered tap water instead of bottled water

Eat locally-grown produce once a week

Aparana Chauhan

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Thursday, June 12, 2008

Antarctica Satellite View

























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Extinction of Madagascar amphibians and Reptiles due to Global Warming

Climate change leading to the global warming is the biggest environmental threat facing the world. New studies of American Museum of Natural History revealed that due to the global warming species have started moving on to the tropical mountains as their habitats have shifted upwards. According to the latest studies it is predicted that three species of amphibians and reptiles that are found in the Madagascar's mountains could go extinct between 2050 and 2100 due to the habitat loss. Presently these species are compensating the habitat loss by moving upslope.

Among 30 species of geckos, chameleons, skinks, and frogs, and controlling for sampling effort, an average shift uphill of 19 to 51 meters (62 to 167 feet) was observed over the decade. When these results were compared with meteorological records and climate change simulations, the movement of animals could be linked to temperature increases of 0.1°C to 0.37°C (0.18°F to 0.67°F) over the same decade, which corresponds to an expected upslope movement of 17 to 74 meters (59 to 243 feet).

The government of Madagascar is currently planning to set aside 10 percent of its landmass for conservation purposes, and previous research by Raxworthy and colleagues published in Science in April used the distribution of 2,300 species of animals to map the areas of this island nation that provide adequate habitat for all species.

The Malagasy government is creating important new reserves and protecting forests. Sadly, however, with a phenomenon like global warming, species will move upslope, and so eventually may still lose all their habitat and go extinct.

Aparana Chauhan

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Galactic Federation

EARTH SANCTUARY

This is a site about Spiritual Enlightenment. Project Bluestar 2000 - 2012 is a communications, research and development project established to build awareness on Climate Change and Extra Dimensional activity on the Planet Earth. FED Tv transmissions are broadcast daily from Earth Sanctuary - World Nature Centre an Eco-Display, Spiritual and Space Research Centre in Central Australia. Our campaign ‘One World One People’ is designed to motivate the world and promote Positive Global Solutions for a sustainable peaceful future for all. Goto MILIKOM - PGS to see our Climate Change Village, goto MILK to hear our music, goto ABOUT US for family info, goto Earth Sanctuary for live star/spiritual shows and check out Categories below for our FED Tv folders, blogs and essential Climate and U.F.O official documents.

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Monday, June 9, 2008

Nigeria Next to Kiribati

Life of more than six million Nigerians is on the extinction. Earlier the Kiribati and now the Nigeria. According to the latest reports more than six million Nigerians will submerge very soon if the government fails to deal with the present situation arising because of the sudden dramatic changes in the climatic conditions.

With the total population of 140 million people, Nigeria is spread to the total area of 924,000 square kilometers. According to the latest reports more than the fifth of Nigerians can be under water with a one meter rise in the sea level. And the situation will definitely rise in coming few decades only.

It will be extremely painful for country to experience negative impact of the climate change. It is a bitter reality and it will be good for its people to accept it. It would be highly appreciable if each one of us work towards it and save the earth from further turmoil and devastation.

The migration of people have already started due to the lack of arable land to cultivate or because of the coastal submergence. Little can be done to change the inauspicious effects that developing countries will face in the next few decades. The present situation calls for the growth and development to reduce the vulnerability to the physical impact of climate change. Their president Umaru Yar Adua made the appeal to the multinational companies to work towards mitigating climate change and its impacts. And that is only possible through the reduction of carbon emissions, to achieve low carbon economy and environmental sustainability.

Nigeria alone cannot do anything. There is a need to promote understanding between the countries to protect mother earth. Now the time has come up to human face to the environmental issues. It is time to change their attitude towards the climate change and empower them, to become the active agents of the eco development.

Aparana Chauhan

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Far Cry

Climate Change has made a deep mark on the environment, and on our life. But still the majority of people especially in the less developed countries hardly know or care about such events. And this innocence biggest problem that we face today. For instance take the example of 5th June, how many of us are aware of the World Environment Day. Or talk about the Earth Day or the Earth Hour.

According to the survey conducted on the World Environment Day in the Capital City of India – New Delhi. Obviously not surprising, nearly 40% of the people even do not have the idea that what actually the climate change is. Half of them have only heard the term, while among those who are aware about it, have done nothing so far to make the difference. They are preoccupied with the topics like year's Budget, this year Government, political situation and inflammation. And atleast I am not amazed at the polling results. In a country where nearly half of the population is below the poverty line, who do not access to the electronic technos like television, can obviously have no idea about such things.

Climate Change threatens to becomes this decades the most burning issue. The day is not far away when the when the food prises will go up, people will starve, there will war on the share of river or the oceans water.

We are happy to be in dark for the climate change or the global warming. We look through these issues as the responsibility of the big business and government, and that is the reason we keep ourself out of it. But sometimes we forget that Planet earth is the common home of all of us. And we all have some responsibilities towards it. Only the science and technology cannot resolve the issue, we should all actively participate in the eco efficient principles and adopt the environmentally friendly technologies.

Aparana Chauhan

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DHL Eco Initiative

DHL, a leading provider of global express services, tuned off the lights for one hour on World Environment Day (5th June 2008), in order to take the initiative against the greatest threat our planet has ever faced – the climate change. They made the powerful statement by delivering the message about the need for action on climate change. The attempt made by their employees to save the environment was the part of the GoGreen Program that was launched in the earlier this year in April 2008.

DHL commitment to reduce its environment impacts symbolize that each one of us working together, can definitely make the positive impact on the climate change. Building off the program was intended to switching off the lights in all the DHL offices worldwide (UAE, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, Middle East and North Africa) that would result in saving of approximately 5.2 metric tons of carbon-di-oxide.

DHL aims of improving carbon efficiency by 30 percent by 2020. The aim is to increase the environment awareness and to inspire business to take practical action to reduce their own carbon footprints as well as promote the responsible use of energy. It encourages its employees to pen down their daily habits in terms of water, electricity, paper etc and adjust to them, to make it more environment friendly company.

John Mullen, CEO of DHL express, is determined to leading the company towards achieving its environmental targets. In his statement he punctuated “As one of the world’s largest and truly global organizations, we recognize the huge impact our employees can have on our environmental footprint. We are supporting our employees in leading a more sustainable life both at work and home. The ‘Lights off’ initiative will help raise consciousness across the entire DHL workforce. Our GoGreen Program is not driven by management philosophy alone, but we believe that each employee can individually help us achieve our targets and we are particularly proud that our staff are so firmly engaged in this program.”

What Can I do ?

Get involved, create a powerful Global Message about climate change. Tell a friend about the climate change
Reduce your impact on climate change
Adopt to ECO lifestyle

Aparana Chauhan

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Sunday, June 8, 2008

Kiribati Island


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Wednesday, June 4, 2008

Kids going Green.....

A new global survey has been conducted by New Generations – Cartoon Network's patented Kid's lifestyle research. , which reveals that the majority of children are concerned about the environment issues like global warming and pollution.

The survey says that as much as 54% of kids interviewed and 62 % of the parents feel anxious about global warming. It does not end there. A good 75 % of them are pre disposed to buying eco friendly products.

Though India is not a model nation with respect to environment standards, the country seems to be favorite among kids. The survey says that the 74% of kids chose India as their favorite country. The united states was chosen only by 9%.

Significantly, 25 percent kids want to help curb environment problems and save the endangered species, if they had the power to change the world.

Aparana Chauhan

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There is only one earth

Climate change has shocked the powers that govern us into the serious concern. It has got more than 180 countries asking for the solution to combat with the terrible fate of climate change. And the solution will come out in 2009, when these 180 countries will meet in Copenhagen, under the aegis of UN, to strike a global to strike a global deal that would help settle the matter of climate change.

For the last so many years thousand of scientists have worked in number of ways to inform the world how real and calamitous are the risks from increasing emissions of carbon-di-oxide and other hazardous gases. Greenhouse gases can create unprecedented havoc to the atmosphere. It can harm the nature in the number of ways. The countries like India that are still dependent on rain fed agriculture, becomes vulnerable to such changes. It is the right time to act now.

The world is going through the food crises and prises of oil are already on the hike. The sings of future devastation and turmoil are clear. The problem began when the western countries started developing rapidly using the fossil fuels and started emitting out tonnes of carbon-di-oxide and other harmful gases into the atmosphere. These gases accumulated tapping heat which in turn led to the change in climatic patterns. When these countries were developing, on the other side the earth was heating up.

Now the problem is not as simple to solve. Reducing the future emissions and cutting down on existing ones will amount very high. And yes the industrial progress will slow down. Some of the major sectors like the steel and power will definitely face a set back. Very sadly the smaller sectors that can not afford the new technologies and emit less emission will suffer the much.

Aparana Chauhan

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Little things to keep in Mind

  • Switch off all lights, fans, and electrical appliances when not in use
  • Use electric lights only when needed. Make maximum use of the daylight
  • Use CFL lamps, energy efficient tube lights with electronic chokes and fans with electric regulators to reduce power consumption
  • keep lamps and tubes clean to provide 20 - 30% more brightness
  • Set water heater / geyser temperature at optimum level
  • Avoid frequent opening of refrigerators or doors of air conditioning rooms
  • Maintain all electrical appliances and writing properly to prevent electricity wastage
  • Use electricity judiciously to reduce your electricity bill by 15 -20 %
  • Use high efficient pump motors for agriculture and water supply. Ensure regular maintenance.

Aparana Chauhan

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Friday, May 30, 2008

Famous Books, Shows, DVD and CD's on Planet Earth



























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Thursday, May 29, 2008

Experts views on Global Warming

Global warming is the average rise in earth's temperature. And it is this rise only that has caused the great change in the climate. Average global temperature has increased by almost one degree Fahrenheit over he past century, an additional 2 to 6 degree Fahrenheit increase over the one hundred years is also expected. This may not surprise you much but it could change the earth's temperature as never before.

The major behind the global warming is the emissions of carbon-dioxide and other green house from human activities that include industrial processes, fossil fuel combustion, and the changes in the land use, such as deforestation. With the development of the industrial economies, larger amount of carbon-dioxide is released into the atmosphere. Several gases like carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide act as the additional blanket around the earth. They allow sun's heat to reach the surface of the earth and warm up the temperature. Along with emission of harmful gases. Deforestation is the another devastating force behind the global warming.

Since 1970, the temperature have gone up at nearly three times the average for the 20th century. By 2100, sea levels are likely to rise between 7 to 23 inches. Resulting in the gradual inundation of coastal areas and increasing beach erosion and flooding from coastal storms, changes in precipitation patterns, increased risk of floods and droughts, threats to the bio diversity and the number of potential challenges for the public health.

However we can all make efforts to save the environment from the serious hazards. And the simplest methods are - using recyclable products, purchase of energy efficient products, tree plantation and reduction in pollution.

Aparana Chauhan

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Will the Earth Expire


Dark Earth! Dark Heavens! Swinging in the carbon chemistry
The impetuous storm of climate change is threatening us widely
Too much technological inventions robing the environment
year by year planet earth is getting hotter !!!!!!!!!!

Unfamiliar gases oozing out slowly
Depleting ozone and endangering the earth
Sporadic environmentalists scalding the news
None did a penny thing
But signaling, targeting and still indicating

Make a call to the eco friendly technologies
To frame out the health of our mother earth
Ask the leaders to bring out the solutions
Lets be a preserver than than a destroyer

Aparana Chauhan

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Environmental Friendly Buildings

Construction of the environment friendly buildings has been largely dominated by the practices related to the construction of the shell and core of a building. Do you know that the construction of the building has the direct and indirect impact on the environment. Modern design buildings alleviates you with the comfort but leads to the hazardous environmental damages. Lets check out how? Construction of buildings consume one sixth of the world's fresh water withdrawals, one quarter of its wood harvest and two fifth of its material and energy flow. With the growth of the population it has become necessary to adopt the newer ways of constructing the environmental design buildings.

Innovations in design, materials used and MEP parameters play the key role in the sustainable construction of the buildings. There are many ways by which we could actually deal with the increasing environmental damages. First of all we need to overcome our bad habit of frequently changing the interiors of the house. Before disposing of the old furniture one could indeed look at recycling the same saving the precious natural resources of the country. The best way is to increase out dependency on the recycled products. Than we need to deal with the issue of safe disposal of the waste.

Than the primary objective of achieving the the sustainability in the interiors is the way we design the space to conserve the electricity. Switch on the use of the energy saving lights, bulbs and other electrical equipments. Try to maximize the use of the natural lights through proper designs that is equally good for health also. Choose the proper location to construct the building that does not harm the eco system. Try to built the building away from the wetlands, coastal regions and other natural locations. You can choose for the areas that have have been destroyed by the time.

The main focus in order to construct the sustainable interiors should be on the low or zero VOC paint and adhesives, carpet tiles with recycled content, furniture with high recycled wood content or even wood free wherever possible. Use of water free urinals, dual flush toilets and low flow faucets can save the water to the great extent. Make use of the tiles that keep the roof of the building cool. There should be proper ventilation system that helps in reducing the heat of the building.

Last but not the least it is advisable to grow more of the oxygen plants and tress in and around the building in order to achieve the eco friendly environment.

Points to Ponder :-

The average urban home uses 640 liters of water per day
A dripping tap can waste as much as 60 liters per day or 1800 liters per month
A Toilet is the biggest user of the indoor water. On average it uses 11 liters of water when flushed
A leaking toilet can waste up to 100 000 liters of water per year


Aparana Chauhan

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Surging Solar Industry

The fossil fuels are fast approaching an unfortunate extinction. As the next 50 years roll down the fossil fuels will no longer meet the demand of the world. With oil over 100 dollars a barrel and the treat to the global warming raising concerns across the government, the need for viable or and everlasting source of alternative energy has become a necessity. What we can do now? We should do what we should have done a long time ago. Government should think about the investing in the multiple energy sources. Amidst the hue and cry, the primary source of energy for life on earth- the solar energy has been the most after energy sources to substitute fossil fuels. We have been using the solar energy as far back as the human have existed on this planet. In the years to come solar energy will not be only be one of the potential means for countries to move towards an enhanced energy security, but will also play a vital role in the global energy equation.

India receives solar energy equivalent to over 5000 trillion KW/year, which is far more than the total energy consumption in India. Being located in the tropical region, the country experiences clear weather during the major portion of the year. At present only 0.2 per cent of solar energy is being used annually. Companies all around the world are trying to bridge the gap between high energy prises and global warming through solar PV cost in order to achieve grid parity. The country like India, too need to participate in this effort, as significant gap exists between power requirement and generation. With the introduction of the Special Incentive package scheme for semiconductors and solar cells, the solar industry in India is on the hype. The solar energy business in India is nailed down at four to five billion presently and is expected to touch six billion in the next three to four years. Globally the solar PV market is expected to grow over $40 billion by 2010. Investments in solar power are encouraging companies like Moser Baer, Signet Solar, Tata BP Solar and Sun-Technics to set up their manufacturing unit and R&D units in India.

The main focus is on the rural areas that offer more than 70% of the solar energy potential. Premier solar has electrified a large number of villages in the north and the eastern region and Jharkhand under the under the rural electrification programme under the aegis of MNRE. Tata BP Solar got orders for implementing 500 to 600 water pumping systems in Punjab at the cost of 160 million Rs. It was even chosen by the Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency to implement a 166 million rupee project to electrify 80 villages in Leh and Kargil districts.

Due to the high initial cost, fund for solar energy is dependent o government subsidies. The only thing that is needed now is some more knowledge and information to increase awareness, financial incentives to customers and manufacturers to help more and more players enter this business.

Aparana Chauhan

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Wednesday, May 28, 2008

Earth Day

Celebrate everyday as the earth day. Earth day is entirely upon us and lot of people amongst us are working to make to make the planet earth a better place to live. Earth Day was originated in U.S. by the Senator - Gaylord Nelson. Today on 22 April, Earth Day is celebrated annually all over the world to protect the natural gifts of the earth.. But after the earth day, environmentalist go back to their normal routine and the desire to preserve the environment fades. The most simplest way to turn every day into the earth day is to keep the spirits high throughout the year, use the recycled products and encourage people to turn their life-style into the eco friendly lifestyle.

Gaylord Nelson created the Earth Day, as he was of the view that education is the key to change people's attitude towards the environment. The objective was to attract the people's attention towards the growing needs of the cleaner air and water.

Earth day give us the opportunity to unite altogether and work for the preservation of the mother earth. It inspires us to involve in various type of eco practices for the healthy living. Several countries are already turning their attention towards the prevention of our natural resources, improvement of water and air quality as well as promotion the land conservation.

Today is the need of the proper energy management, optimum utilization of the renewable resources as well as ecologically sustainable and economically viable agriculture and water management. All the members of the society must cultivate a lifestyle that is consistent with the sufficiency rather than greed and excess. The focus must be on the environmental conscious living.

Every citizen of the society should be encouraged to participate morally and politically in all levels of decision regarding the environmental policies. Than the NGO's should play the role of the watchdogs and must be prepared to evaluate the policy decisions where-ever necessary and should also propose alternate environmental policies. But it is sad that the majority of people in the developing countries are even unaware of the event. They are busy in the daily chores and do hardly care about the much touted events.

Aparana Chauhan

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Switch on to the Recycled Products

Today is the need to involve ourself in the Eco practices. Science and technology can not resolve the impending environmental issues alone. And this requires the widespread adoption of eco friendly production technologies and the increased use of the renewable material and products. BRBA (Buy Recycled Business Alliance) has set an good example for environmental concerned people. It is committed to the purchase and use of the recycled content products through the development of the sustainable marketplace.

The choices are wide and the products are readily available in the market. The use of the recycled products is the approach to deal with the problem of the waste and its disposable. For the information of the people the recycled products are equal in quality, use and appearance to virgin products. The item range from hybrid products, cars, issues, tile flooring etc. It means that the papers and bottles that we throw off like this only are worth something.

Before unwrapping the product check out the details on its packaging about the recycled content. It is not compulsory for the manufacturers to label the products which contain the recycled content, but still there are many manufacturers who are doing so to make it easier for the customers to make choices. After that check out the recycled content in the product. Do not get fool by the label, as sometimes it is labeled as the recycled product but it is not made from the recycled materials. Recycled products are good to use, but the use of the recycled content is far much better. Check out the quantity of the recycled content it contains.

Compare the quantity of the recycled content with the one mentioned on the package of the product. It is good to seek help if you are doubtful. You can always question the vendor, seller or the retailer to provide you with the information about the manufacturer's program for the product that you are interested in purchasing. Survey the people who have already used that particular product. Ask them for how long they have been using the product and what is the price difference between the recycled product and the virgin product. Inquire about the satisfaction and about the warranty of the product. Or sometimes the sellers already have the review of the customers who have already used the product.

Share responsibilities, encourage other people to use the recycled products. As all the members of the society have the responsibility to preserve the natural ecological resources of the country, basically used in the making of virgin products.

Aparana Chauhan

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Eco Friendly street lights

Due to the economic growth and development, the use of the global energy has risen by approximately seventy percent. The rise in the energy use, has resulted in the increase in the greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels and an anticipated increase in global warming. And all this calls for the greater use of the eco friendly technological inventions.

Every day we come across number of street lights, have you ever wondered how much electricity do these street lights consume. Or have you ever thought of any other alternative to save the electricity consumed by these traffic lights. It may surprise some of you. But the alternative is there, and that is the use of the hybrid street lights.

Thanks to the latest technological inventions, very soon our roads will be lighted by these solar wind power street lights. The city of Missouri, US, has already set the example of the foremost 'eco conscious' city. If we talk about the functioning of these streetlights they generate power during the day, store it into their battery and illuminate at night while continuing to generate wind power. During the day time they remains in the off state, while lights up during the night. The light is the same as the electric power light. When the wind blows, these street light charge when the sun shine they get charged, don't you think that this concept will bring good green results towards the end.

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Monday, May 26, 2008

Fossil Fuels Vs Green Energy

Oil, coal, natural gas, and Uranium are all fossil fuels. They are the remains (or an impression) of a plant or animal that existed in a past geological age and that has been excavated from the soil. Millions of years ago, during the time of dinosaurs, the heat and pressure and remains of the dead animals and plants led to the creation of the fossil fuels deep inside the earth. These fossil fuels were formed in the Paleozoic Era. They are the non- renewable source of energy. On burning the fossil fuels they emit the chemical energy stored within them. The supply of these resources is inexhaustible. Being the necessity of the modern society they are the used disproportionately. Greater use of the fossil fuels means greater release of the green house gases into the atmosphere, which in turn led to the destruction of the environment. Uranium is the one fossil fuel that can provide energy with a much smaller green cost. The only problem is humanity typically discovered the destructive potential of uranium in the guise of nuclear weapons before it considered it as the potential energy source of humongous proportion.

Wind, solar, ocean, geothermal, hydro power, biomass are all green energy resources. They are the renewable source of energy. They are the totally environmentally friendly , that do not release greenhouse gases in the process of producing energy. Only biomass is not the renewable energy source. Produced by burning organic material or harnessing the gas produced by garbage landfills, biomass release carbon-di-oxide as by products. But it can also be balanced by planting vegetation that counters the gases released. But it is the most important fuel after coal, oil and natural gas. Today's priority is the generation of the green energy in order to leave the better environment for the next generation.

Aparana Chauhan

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Friday, May 23, 2008

Climate Change and Food Security

If we talk about the sustainable food security in the country, it involves physical, economic and social access to the balanced diet to all the men, women and children. But is it really possible? To achieve the sustainable food security, the productivity and adequate purchasing power needs to be increased.

Agriculture sector is the first one to feel the impact of the climate change. According to the agriculture meteorologists climate change that leads to the rise in temperature, further give rise to the frequents and heavy floods and un-seasonal rainfall posing a threat to the crops nearing maturity. Impacts of the climate change are really complicated. Such changes in climate can endanger the physical access to the food and the economic access will be further fretted due to change to livelihood security caused by the contrary changes in the climate.

Agriculture and climate are interdependent. Since the industrial revolution human induced greenhouse gases into the atmosphere have adversely affected the the quality and the quantity of the crops. And the result is the rise in prises of staple food at the national and international level that further enhances the poverty related endemic hunger.

No doubt in the near future climate change will have larger effects on the food supply. Despite the technological advances, agriculture is mainly dependent on climate. The question is – What quantity of food is produced? How much food is available to the people and so on. According to the latest reports from Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change agriculture contributes to 13.5% of global green house emissions, largely a result of the methane emissions from the livestock and flooded rice cultivation and nitrous oxide emissions from fertilizer application.

If management of climate change becomes everybody's business, we can easily safeguard the food security to the maximum extent possible.

Aparana Chauhan

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Understanding the Greenhouse Effect


The earth and its atmosphere are warmed up due to the increase in the concentration of the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The solar rays as well as the heat generated by the earth are not dissipated entirely into the space vacuum due to the gases that trap them into the earth's atmosphere. And this needed also as if there is no heat being trapped, the earth would overall be about 30 degree Celsius cooler and life would not be the same as we can feel it today. After million of years the delicate balance has been fractured, perhaps irreparably in the last 100 years. After the industrial revolution man adapted the to the newer lifestyle choices that have increased the production of greenhouse gases. The greenhouse gases primarily consists of Carbon-di-oxide, Argon, Neon, Helium, Methane, Hydrogen, and Nitrous Oxide. The greenhouse effect was discovered by Joseph Fourier in 1824 and first investigated quantitatively by Svante Arrhenius in 1896. These greenhouse gases trap the heat from the sun and are also used to grow the plants during the winter season. In other words we can say that GHG's are essential, as without them earth would not be warm enough for the human to live. But on the contrary if the level of these gases increases, if can warm up the earth and led to the climate change.

The earth's atmosphere composition is :-

Nitrogen : 7.8%
Oxygen : 21%
Other gases : 1%


The Greenhouse Gases are :-

Carbon-di-oxide
Methane
Nitrous Oxide
Ozone
Water Vapour
Halocarbons

Aparana Chauhan

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Now is the Time..........................


The earth and its people are warming up. There have been tremendous awareness programmes and mass media campaigns about the environmental degradation about the related health impact. People need to understand climate changes and the related health hazards of the harmful chemicals. The chemicals are the major reason of the contamination of air, water, soil and food products. If the government is responsible for all this, than we are equally responsible for this. In oder to minimize the environmental changes its is important to plan out the action for the benefit of the society.

The first step involves the assessment of environmental risks such as examination of the contamination level and the related toxicity in air, water,soil and food. There are basically two type of assessment. The first one is scientifically, which determines the best estimates of the risk from exposure deals with high risk values that are often termed as worst case estimates, and these incorporate margins of safety. The main purpose of the second type of risk assessment is to provide risk managers with numbers they can use in developing regulations for the protection of the environment.

The second step involves the communication of the risk assessment to the municipal bodies. Again there are two types of risk communication- Informational Risk communication and Persuasive Risk communication. The former informs the recipients of the severity and magnitude of the risk and methods that can be used to tackle the risk. Than the Persuasive Risk communication is meant to shock the recipients into changing their behavior patterns and the outcome is measurable and monitored by identifying different indicators on parameters.

The earth and its people are warming up. There have been tremendous awareness programmes and mass media campaigns about the environmental degradation about the related health impact. People need to understand climate changes and the related health hazards of the harmful chemicals. The chemicals are the major reason of the contamination of air, water, soil and food products. If the government is responsible for all this, than we are equally responsible for this. In oder to minimize the environmental changes its is important to plan out the action for the benefit of the society.

The first step involves the assessment of environmental risks such as examination of the contamination level and the related toxicity in air, water,soil and food. There are basically two type of assessment. The first one is scientifically, which determines the best estimates of the risk from exposure deals with high risk values that are often termed as worst case estimates, and these incorporate margins of safety. The main purpose of the second type of risk assessment is to provide risk managers with numbers they can use in developing regulations for the protection of the environment.

The second step involves the communication of the risk assessment to the municipal bodies. Again there are two types of risk communication- Informational Risk communication and Persuasive Risk communication. The former informs the recipients of the severity and magnitude of the risk and methods that can be used to tackle the risk. Than the Persuasive Risk communication is meant to shock the recipients into changing their behavior patterns and the outcome is measurable and monitored by identifying different indicators on parameters.

Aparana Chauhan

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Thursday, May 22, 2008

Go Green

Now is the high time to inspire people to be aware of the looming environmental dangers around us. Each of our small initiative could be big contribution to tackle the problem of climate change. It is today the greatest problem that is affecting all of us. The climate change problem is too urgent that it will be the biggest stupidity to postpone it further.

The focus on climate change now has geared towards taking the solid steps in this direction. Well all of us need to come together and work as the representative of change. Youths have the power to ignite the issue as they are voice of nation and it is the one such issue that is concerned with their future as well as present.

Increasing human activities, change in lifestyle patterns, more use of the land resources, high waste generation and deforestation led to the increase in the emission level that later on add to the climate change. Strong Public opinion act as a tool in recharging the passive industries to act climate friendly. Steps taken by the government and the industries have the potential to spark the global initiatives.

Each one of us can play a big role by not only following the eco lifestyle but by also persuading other to adopt the sustainable living. There are little things that can save us from future devastation. If you are purchasing a new gadget or the new product use it to the fullest and dispose it properly. To tackle the problem of climate change we first of all need to deal with the problem of greenhouse gases and water pollution. It seems very small but it is very essential to get your vehicles serviced every month. If you need to cover the shorter distance prefer walking or bicycling.

As youths are the 40% of the total population, they can make the greatest impact on the society. Join the organizations supporting the environmental issues. The South Asia Youth Environment Network with support from UNEP is working on a resource material package on 'Youth for Clean Air', through which it plans to provide information to the youths that they can help reduce the emissions at the personal level.

There could be road shows that includes actions such as walking or bicycling for short distances, wearing the T-shirts labeling 'Go Green', watching the pollution and making other realize the impact of the climate change.

Aparana Chauhan

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Climate Change unnerves the experts

No doubt, Climate change is the omen of future devastation and turmoil. It is one of the greatest challenges that the mankind faces today. The causes of climate change are unambiguous. Human induced green house gases are the indication that we are approaching towards the period when we will not only observe but also feel the agitation of the global climate change.

Signs of Global Warming

Rise in the Sea level : Rise in sea level is the outcome of the global climate change. Thermal expansion of the sea water and rapid melting of sea ice are the major causes of this sudden rise in the sea level. If the earth's temperature warms up, ice sheets melts that result in the sea level rise. During the 20th century sea level rose to 10 - 12 cm and in the next 100 years it will rise as much as 85 cms. Rise in the sea level is the threat to the coastal areas, wetlands and the coral reefs.

Melting of Arctic Ice : Ice is melting speedily. Since the industrial revolution the human activity has belched out nearly 300 Giga tons of carbon-di-oxide. The greatest impact of the climate change can be noticed at the Arctic. Average surface temperatures in the Arctic circle has risen by more than half a degree Celsius per decade since 1981. Year 2007 amazingly counted the lowest amount of sea ice ever recorded. The summer thickness of the Arctic icebergs is half of what it was 50 years ago.

Flooding : Due to the climate change, billion of people will be at risk from floods and droughts. Many regions are experiencing the heavier rainfall that causes flood. In the last few year the floods have caused more damage than in the last 30 years. The amount of droughts have also increased due to the global warming.

Biodiversity Loss : According to the reports millions of plants and animal species would eventually become extinct as a result of the climate changes expected by 2050. Further the land use changes will make it more difficult for species to adapt to global warming.

Change in Ecosystems : Many species are unlikely to survive the climate change. Due to the further rise in the temperature the species will either migrate to the cooler places or will die.

Climate Change and Infectious diseases : Extreme change in climate can cause the loss of life. Serious diseases will appear in the warmer regions. Moreover warmer climate will increase air and water pollution, which affects human health.

Aparana Chauhan

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Wednesday, May 21, 2008

Earth Hour

Year 2007 was the year of awakening. The avalanche of progress in the field of communications and digital technology coupled with the mass media campaigns does the great job in focusing the world's attention towards the climate change. Among all the greatest job done in the year 2007, Sydney made it mark on the top, with the success of the Earth hour. On March 31, over 2.2 million Sydney residents and more than 2,100 business turned off their lights for one hour.

Earth Hour is the global international event brought forward by the World Wildlife Fund, that is held on the last Saturday in the month of March, annually. It is the only event celebrated that unifies all the countries of the world towards the common cause. On this particular day the households and businesses switch off their lights and all the non essential electrical appliances for one hour in order to create awareness about the world's greatest threat climate change. It is the one major step taken by the mankind to make earth a better place to live. It was initiated by the WWF Australia and Sydney Morning Herald in 2007.

After its worldwide popularity, in 2008, 24 global cities participated in Earth Hour on March 29 at 8 pm including- Golden Gate Bridge (San Francisco), The Empire State Building (New York City), CN Tower (Toronto), Canada, Sears Tower (Chicago), Bank of America Plaza (Atlanta), Sydney Opera House (Sydney, Australia), Coliseum (Rome,Italy), Royal Castle (Stockholm, Sweden), London's City Hall (England)and the Wat Arun Buddhist Temple (Bangkok, Thailand).

If we all join hands together, than we can definitely make the big difference. Earth Hour is the perfect opportunity for each one of us to unite for the common purpose and make it a global success. Take steps to contribute towards making the positive impact on the climate change. Lets hope to celebrate every hour as the Earth Hour in the future.

Aparana Chauhan

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Climate change – A menace to the environment

Inspite of the tremendous technological growth, the problem of climate change is becoming large and larger every day. The graphical map of climate change and its impact on environment follows the a steep upward curve – rising up the earth's temperature. The rare and endangered species of plants and animals are on extinction. The concentration of the green house gases in the atmosphere is growing at an alarming rate. The winters are becoming milder and much shorter. The polar ice caps are melting, the glaciers are vanishing and the level of water in the oceans is rising. The disastrous reality that's facing the mankind today refers to the - global climate change.

Nobody could exactly imagine as what is going to happen next. The necessity of eco friendly technologies has come forward now. The consequences of climate change and its effects are really unpredictable. Since the industrial revolution increasing human activities has burped out nearly 300 Giga tons of carbon-di-oxide. The ratio will become almost double in the next 25 years. Before the end of the century the concentration of green house gases in the atmosphere will reach 550 ppm, twice the pre industrial level.

For the first time in 1997, the world community took the right step by signing the Kyoto Protocol in order to tackle the problem of the climate change. Kyoto Protocol is the major step for the stabilization of the level of the green house gases at various levels into the atmosphere. According to the estimation, by 2010 there would be 6% increase in the level of the carbon-di-oxide emissions as compared to the 1990 levels.

If present trend continues the problem of climate change will not only increase it will become unapproachable very soon for the inhabitants of the earth. In the past few years, we have the felt the drastic changes in the environment. Deforestation and pollution has proved to the major threat to the biodiversity on earth. Land degradation has threatened food security. Water pollution is the cause yo large number of deadly diseases.

Climate change is no doubt a tremulous reality. Now is the time to stop thinking and take the concrete steps in this direction. Instead of passing the blame on one another think as one and initiate the newer ways to tackle this problem.

Aparana Chauhan


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Monday, May 19, 2008

Wake up to the Reality

Did you know ?

  • I degree Celsius = 33.8 degree Fahrenheit

  • Records from land stations and ships, show that the global mean surface temperature has warmed between 1 degree F and 1.7 degree F since 1850

  • From the 1970's the average surface temperature has warmed up by 1 degree

  • At the present rate , earth's surface is warming up at the rate of 3.2 degree F per century
  • The top ten warmest years have all been after 1990.

  • The global average temperature, it is predicted , will rise between 34.52 degree F and 42.44 degree F by 2100

  • Average temperature in the arctic have increased at almost twice the global rate in the past 100 years

  • Hooter days over land and less cold days and frost

  • At the current rate of glacier retreat in the Himalayas, scientists predict the loss of all central and eastern Himalayan glaciers by 2035

  • More floods, heat waves and insect borne diseases in the near future

  • Overall, the Himalayan region has warmed by about 1.8 degree F since the 1970's

Aparana Chauhan

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